Ch. 2: The Production Process

Analog and Digital Technologies

The three major stages of production include preproduction, production, and postproduction. From the script and budgeting, to recording, to editing the material, the process must happen in a very meticulous order.

Preproduction is the very early stages where the work is created and a proposal is made. A proposal is an important marketing component that helps sell or promote the work. Along with the proposal comes the premise, or a quick statement that summarizes the story line. Once complete, the synopsis, or longer summary of the story line, is created. From there a more in-depth summary is created. These are called treatments and they are included with the pitch of the project. The component we are most familiar with is probably the script, as this is the entire written work with stage direction and notes that explain the way the work will be produced. With all of these comes a budget to determine spending and eventually a storyboard, or graphic visualization of the work.

Much rehearsing must take place before any material is actually shot. A producer will adjust camera angles, decide on actors, staging, location, and how many camera’s they will utilize. Audio must be tested and ensure that all aspects of production will run smoothly when recording as to not waste time. After the work is recorded, the art of postproduction takes place and the work is pieced together in a seamless manner. Manipulation of the work may take place, including visual or audio effects and integrating music into the production, as well as balancing various aspects of the recording.

Although these steps may occur separately, it is crucial for a producer to understand what goes into each one and how they will affect the final product. When directing the work, there must be an understanding of how it will appear in the final edit and how they must move the camera in order to achieve their vision.

New media technologies allow for advancement of older techniques. Analog audio and videotape recording, as well as editing, is basically a thing of the past and new digital forms have replaced it and made it more advantageous. Through digital recording, it is guaranteed that the quality of the work will not be compromised when copied and it also offers easier and more efficient ways of manipulating the material.

Other tools, such as word processor programs utilized for writing scripts, as well as budgeting and scheduling tools, make the preproduction process run smoothly and can be easily accessed and edited. It also provides convenient ways to find talent through performer databases online.

Although commonly referred to, there is more the production team than just the producer. The director, assistant director, scriptwriter are all part of what is called the Creative Staff. Along with the creative staff there is the production crew. The production crew consists of the director of photography, the lighting director, the camera operator, art director or scenic designer, technical director, editor and MORE! Although a producer may be able to write the script and direct, there are many more individuals needed to contribute to the production an overall production aesthetics.


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Soon to be graduate of Georgia State University with interests in event management, craft beer, and unicorns.

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