When thinking about aesthetics, or different approaches to the creative process of directing, there are three categories to choose from. Although they are not limited, realism, modernism, and postmodernism are the most common. When discussing function, it is important to consider why an aspect of film is addressed and what purpose it serves. Form represents how art is expressed, and content is more specifically what is addressed. These three aspects play heavily into the considerations of a work of art.
The three aesthetic styles can be summarized quiet simply. Realism is focused more solely on the content instead of the form. Creators of realist works are storytellers who aim to depict common experiences seamlessly. Modernism focuses on form over function. Modernism has an avant-garde approach is less focused with the idea of reality. Post modernism aims for audience interaction with the work and leave more loose ends for characters and plot development.
There are many, many, many types of shots and angles that can be utilized while filming. Three common shots are long shots (LS), medium shots
(MS), and close shot (CS) or close-up (CU). Long shots give distance to subjects and objects and it is easy to establish the setting. Medium shots use a knee-to-head measurement that are more close-up than a long shot. A close shot or close-up focus on isolated objects or elements. There is rarely anything else in the shot.
Varying these types of shots along with different camera angles give directors a lot of freedom to switch up their style. There are many different approaches that can be taken and keep the viewer from getting boarded with one angle. POV Shots, pan shots and a multitude of other shot types are interesting ways to change the look and feel of a composition. Composition is a commonly used word in the art world to refer to the way an image can be effectively structured within the frame. Composition can be affected by many minor things and is difficult to navigate when you are working with moving pictures.
Contributing to composition are the way sequences and scenes are combined. Whether a director switches camera between shots, fades, dissolves, wipes, or defocuses in or out of the next scene, there are many options to choose from. All of these editing techniques and transitions aim to complement the style and composition a director is going for. The director will focus mainly on continuity of scenes and add elements to their work of art through different methods of scene construction.